Ask Dr. Karen Q&A

Ask Dr. Karen – Answers

May 2017 – Exercise after treatment for Cushing’s

Dear Dr. Karen. I am a survivor of Cushing’s Disease. It caused me to gain over 80 pounds and have diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and weakness in my arms and legs. I have had both brain surgery to remove the tumor from my pituitary and also a Bilateral Adrenalectomy to remove my adrenal glands. In remission from Cushing’s Disease, I have a lot of damage, still, to my body from many years of being sick. I cannot do strenuous exercise. I want to lose weight and get closer to my pre-Cushing’s body, get my blood sugars under control, and be strong again. I have heard you talk about T-Tapp. Do you tap on your body while working out? And what work outs can I do?




Dr. Karen’s Answer:

Thank you so much for reaching out! I, myself, am a Cushing’s Disease survivor and have experienced many of the things you describe. I gained a total of 150 pounds, developed diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. My body was so weak that I used a walker and a cane. So, I totally understand.


First of all, congratulations on surviving Cushing’s! You made it! I understand that there is residual damage and I am sorry for that. But, I also want to acknowledge that you are a WARRIOR!


Let me start by saying that T-Tapp is in no way affiliated with tapping the body. You might be thinking of EFT or Emotional Freedom Techniques. This is when you tap certain areas of your body to create improvements in certain areas of your life. This is not what I am talking about when I promote the use of T-Tapp.


The creator of T-Tapp is Teresa Tapp. Teresa was inspired to create this workout to help others who have trouble doing conventional workouts. She has such compassion towards the chronic illness community! She has helped millions of people who have had illness and injuries to get their lives back! I was introduced to T-Tapp by my friend and fellow Cushing’s warrior. At the time, I was skeptical because nothing else had worked. However, T-Tapp literally changed my life!

I first started out with a workout called MORE Rehab. This workout was a slower pace and helped me to build back muscle strength. I love the fact that the people who are working out in the video look like “regular” people and they are trying to get their lives back just like I was. MORE is geared towards individuals who have more inches to lose on their bodies and also have health issues that they would like to target and resolve.


Once I “graduated” from the MORE Rehab, I went on to one of my favorite workouts. This is the workout that I recommend to people in the Cushing’s community who are in remission. This workout is called Basic Workout Plus. The thing I love about this workout is that it is only 15 minutes! I knew from the beginning that this was doable. Once I started actually doing the workout, my previous notion of “no pain, no gain” went out the window! I realized that I could do a reasonable work out and get results without killing myself.


As you know, overexerting ourselves, physically, can lead to an adrenal crisis. So, doing the above workout has proven to be both safe and effective. These workouts are considered “no impact”, which means that there is no jumping around or that intense cardio that you might associate with exercise. Did you know that over exercising can actually make you GAIN weight?!!! Teresa Tapp developed a signature stance that helps to activate about 6 muscle groups at one time and put you into fat burning mode within a few minutes!


All of the workouts have an instructional video on the DVD. You start with the instructional so you can learn the moves and form. Then you move on to the actual workout. Learn the Hoe Downs. I now do 2 sets of Hoe Downs after every meal. My A1C has gone from 10.4 to 5.5! I no longer have high cholesterol or blood pressure. Additionally, I do not need a walker or cane to walk and am even dancing!


Here are the links to some things you can look into:


MORE Rehab:


Basic Workout Plus DVD:


Dry Skin Brush:


Book “Fit and Fabulous in 15 Minutes”:


Please e mail me again at: if you have any questions about this information.

April 2017 – Treatment protocol for patients who are cyclical but still struggling to find the Source

Dear Dr. Karen,


I wonder if I may have your advice please.


I am a 39 year old female, have finally been diagnosed with cyclical Cushing’s. Showing cycles in a 30 day salivary test. I cycle every few days with peaks lasting around three days. Sometimes, I will have a very high peak. I also show high cortisol in urine, and variable ACTH. My pituitary MRI came back normal, so they will now test my adrenals. I am in the UK and the US seems to lead the way with treatment, are there any drug protocols or treatment options that may help symptoms. I have been testing for a year, probably had Cushing’s near on a decade now, my body is exhausted.


Many Thanks


A. E., UK


Dr. Karen’s answer:


Dear A.E.,


First of all, let me say that I am so sorry for what you are facing now. The journey with Cushing’s is not easy at all, as you know. It sounds like you are exhausted and that your body is exhausted! Cushing’s causes so much damage. There is a myth that Cyclical Cushing’s patients have less significant symptoms than Florid Cushing’s patients. This is false. The damage that the Cortisol has done to your body is real and I imagine that you are ready to move forward after over a decade. It sounds like you have already caught your high cycles which is a good thing. This is the first step.


As you probably already know, the person with Cyclical Cushing’s

“cylces” between seemingly normal or low Cortisol levels and high enough cortisol levels to cause Cushing’s symptoms. ­ Adequate and appropriate testing requires multiple test measures over an extended period of time. Studies have shown that the prevalence of Cushing’s patients who cycle is much higher

than was once thought. There is a myth that just one normal test results warrants the suspension of testing, even when a patient presents with

symptoms of Cushing’s. Experts in the field have found that patients who Cycle are still impacted by their periods of high Cortisol. For this reason,

many people argue that Cyclical Cushing’s is an even more rare form of Cushing’s Syndrome.


With that said, it is also a myth that one should rule out a pituitary source if it is not found on an MRI. Adele, I want you to know that 60% of pituitary tumors in Cushing’s patients are not seen on an MRI. They are usually referred to as micro adenomas and are so small that the imaging does not pick them up in majority of cases. The tumor can also be hidden in some cases, as was the case in my personal situation. A non-expert from a facility that is not a high volume center may not know how to identify these kinds of tumors, easily. It is possible that your Cushing’s comes from an adrenal source. However, before a pituitary source is completely ruled out, there are other ways to assess if your pituitary is the culprit.


Typically, when there is evidence of high ACTH, even if variable, the next step is what we call an IPSS. Like I said, in the case of pituitary tumors, Cushing’s tumors tend to be microscopic which means they are very small. Because of this, 60% of Cushing’s tumors in the pituitary cannot be seen on imaging such as an MRI, even if it is done repeatedly. In these cases, another test, called an Inferior Petrosal Sinus Sampling or IPSS, is done. In short, this test must be done by an experienced radiologist. The endocrinology team usually accompanies the radiology team during this procedure. Vanderbilt Pituitary Center describes the IPSS:


“The inferior petrosal sinus sampling procedure is performed in the radiology department. This is an outpatient procedure where the patient is awake throughout the test. Patients are typically given a mild sedative and a local anesthetic. Catheters are inserted through the femoral veins and threaded to the petrosal sinuses. These sinuses lie along the internal aspect of the skull base and drain blood from the pituitary gland. Serum ACTH samples are drawn from the left and right pertrosal sinuses and peripheral vein. Thereafter, corticotrophin-releasing hormone is administered through the peripheral vein. Repeat serum ACTH samples from all three locations are obtained at 2, 5 and 10 minutes after the administration of CRH. Additional X-rays are taken to confirm the catheters are not dislodged from their site during the sampling procedure. After the catheters are removed, patients are observed for 4 hours following the procedure ensuring that no bleeding from the femoral vein puncture sites occur….To interpret the results, the ACTH from the left petrosal and right petrosal samples are compared to the peripheral samples. The ratios help to determine whether or not a patient’s Cushing’s syndrome is pituitary or from a non-pituitary source. ”




I would discuss this with your medical team as the next step. The IPSS can be an effective way to adequately rule out a pituitary source if you are having high ACTH readings. Not all hospitals have the staff or expertise to perform the IPSS so you may need to do some research on what facilities, locally, are able to move forward with this procedure. Your doctor must refer you for this procedure.


In the meanwhile, there are a number of medical interventions that have been tried to help alleviate the symptoms of Cushing’s. One of the older school medications used is Ketoconazole. This is actually not a first line treatment for Cushing’s. It is primarily used for fungal infections. However, it has been found effective to decrease Cushing’s symptoms. Again, this is not a long term solution, as it has been known to impact liver enzymes.


Two other newer drugs include Korlym and Signifor. They work in different ways and have been used, more experimentally, more recently to block Cortisol and decrease symptoms. There are side effects from both of these medications that may make it difficult to continue long term. More information about pharmaceutical interventions can be found on an article written by our Pharmaceutical expert, Dr. Tanya Warren here:


To my knowledge, still today, the most effective way to treat Cushing’s, including Cyclical Cushing’s, is to remove the tumor from whatever source.


I hope I have answered your question adequately. Please know that we are here for you at The EPIC Foundation. The answer to your question will also be posted on the website after the 15th of the month. Thank you for taking the time to ask it, as I know that many people will benefit from getting this information. Please always feel free to contact us at


Remember, Together, we are EPIC!


Dr. Karen